The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
SECTION 1. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) School climate is the learning conditions and quality of the environment that affect the attitudes, behaviors, and performance of both pupils and staff. School climate and safety significantly contribute to, or detract from, the overall academic success of pupils and the general well-being of our children.
(b) A growing body of research shows that school climate strongly influences pupils' motivation to learn and their academic achievement, as well as teacher job satisfaction and retention.
(c) A positive school climate promotes pupil engagement and helps reduce pupil truancy and chronic absence. Chronic absence is associated with lower pupil achievement and is a clear indicator for future drop-out.
(d) Methods to improve school climate often include shifting pupil discipline policies away from punitive suspension and expulsion policies to adopting alternative disciplinary measures, such as positive behavioral intervention or restorative justice programs that focus on early intervention. Punitive suspension and expulsion policies, such as zero tolerance policies, show no evidence of making schools safer and may increase youth involvement in the juvenile justice system, fail to address the root causes of behavior issues and underlying social and emotional needs of pupils, and have been shown to disproportionately impact pupils of color and pupils with disabilities.
(e) The California Healthy Kids Survey of pupils, the California School Climate Survey of staff, and the California School Parent Survey form the California School Climate, Health, and Learning Survey (CAL-SCHLS) data collection system. The CAL-SCHLS suite of surveys provides a critical lens into the learning and teaching environments of our schools. It is an important planning and
evaluation tool for pupil engagement, resiliency, at-risk behaviors, and campus safety.
safety, bullying prevention, discipline, the promotion of resiliency, academic mindset, and other socioemotional competencies, and the reduction of at-risk behaviors. It promotes school accountability and supports pupil, staff, parent, and community engagement efforts.
(f) The data collected from CAL-SCHLS is a tool for school districts to plan, implement, and evaluate progress made in meeting the state priorities of the local control and accountability plan pursuant to Section 52060 of the Education Code, specifically as it relates to school climate, pupil engagement, parent involvement, and in supporting vulnerable subgroups.
(g) School districts should administer the California Healthy Kids Survey at least biennially to evaluate their progress in addressing pupil needs and meeting their local control and accountability plan goals, and administer it annually if evaluating the impact of programmatic interventions.
SEC. 2. Section 49416 is added to the Education Code, to read:
49416. (a) The California Healthy Kids Survey is hereby established as a voluntary comprehensive pupil self-report data collection system that addresses school climate, campus safety, and pupil health risks and behaviors.
(b) A school district may administer the California Healthy Kids Survey
biennially to pupils in grades 5, 7, 9, and 11.
(c) A school district may conduct both of the following supplemental surveys:
(1) The California School Parent Survey, which assesses the perceptions of parents related to school climate, parent outreach, and pupil achievement.
(2) The California School Climate Survey, which is a staff survey to guide school improvement efforts to foster positive learning and teaching environments.
(d) Before administering the California Healthy Kids Survey, a school district shall comply with the parent and guardian notification and consent provisions contained in Section 51513 and subdivision (b) of Section 51938.
(e) Data collected through the California Healthy Kids Survey, the California School Climate Survey, and the California School Parent Survey shall be confidential.
(f) (1) Funds shall be appropriated to the department in the annual Budget Act or other statute to administer and make available the California Healthy Kids Survey, provide technical assistance to school districts, and collect and analyze data regarding local and statewide pupil health risks and behaviors, school connectedness, pupil supports, and school violence.
(2) To the extent that funds are appropriated to the department for these purposes, the department also shall administer and make available to school districts the California School Climate Survey and the California School Parent Survey.